PUBLI : Simone Moriconi, Giovanni Peri and Riccardo Turati, « Are Immigrants more Left leaning than Natives ? », NBER Working Paper Series, n° 30523, 2022


We analyze whether second-gene­ra­tion immi­grants have different poli­tical prefe­rences rela­tive to obser­va­tio­nally iden­tical chil­dren of citi­zens in the host coun­tries. Using data on indi­vi­dual voting beha­vior in 22 Euro­pean coun­tries between 2001 and 2017, we charac­te­rize each vote on a left-right scale based on the ideo­lo­gical and policy posi­tions of the party recei­ving the vote. In the first part of the paper, we charac­te­rize the size of the « left-wing bias » in the vote of second-gene­ra­tion immi­grants after control­ling for a large set of indi­vi­dual charac­te­ris­tics and origin and desti­na­tion country fixed effects. We find a signi­fi­cant left-wing bias of second-gene­ra­tion immi­grants, compa­rable in magni­tude to the left-wing bias asso­ciated with living in urban (rather than rural) areas. We then show that this left-wing bias is asso­ciated with stronger prefe­rences for inequa­lity-redu­cing govern­ment inter­ven­tion, inter­na­tio­na­lism and multi­cul­tu­ra­lism. We do not find that second-gene­ra­tion immi­grants are biased towards or away from popu­list poli­tical agendas.

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