PUBLI : Linda Guerry, « Dividing international work on social protection of migrants. The International Labour Office and private organizations (1921–1935) » in : Fabio Giomi, Célia Keren et Morgane Labbé (Dir.), Public and Private Welfare in Modern Europe. Productive Entanglements, London, Routledge, 2022, p. 159–181.


This chapter analyses the type of inter­ac­tions between the Inter­na­tional Labour Office – the perma­nent secre­ta­riat of the Inter­na­tional Labour Orga­ni­za­tion (ILO) – and migrant-protec­tion asso­cia­tions grouped toge­ther under the umbrella orga­ni­za­tion the Perma­nent Confe­rence for the Protec­tion of Migrants (CPPM) as well as the conse­quences of those inter­ac­tions. It examines those key players in the inter­na­tio­na­li­za­tion of the issue of social protec­tion for migrants, their resources, prac­tices and rela­tions as well as both the constraints imposed and the oppor­tu­ni­ties afforded by the insti­tu­tional frame­work and by inter­na­tional events. The analysis high­lights the multi-posi­tional role of Inter­na­tional Labour Office staff, who were often involved in both private and public orga­ni­za­tions as well as the impor­tance of commit­tees and confe­rences as occa­sions for networ­king and uniting forces. It examines how the Office esta­bli­shed a divi­sion of labour in order to progress towards its goal of regu­la­ting inter­na­tional migra­tions. It delves into how private orga­ni­za­tions were led to create new, depo­li­ti­cized fields of exper­tise, addres­sing issues both from a moral stand­point and with a tech­nical approach. Finally, the chapter also shows private orga­ni­za­tions’ deter­mi­na­tion to be involved in migra­tion poli­cies as suppliers of social services, thus parti­ci­pa­ting in defi­ning the migrant-protec­tion cause.

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