PUBLI : Grégoire Cousin, Federico Bianchi & Tommaso Vitale, « From Roma autochthonous homophily to socialisation and community building in the Parisian metropolitan region shantytowns », Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Mars 2020, p. 1 – 23

Présentation

Contem­po­rary West Euro­pean shan­ty­towns have essen­tially been studied with qual­i­ta­tive methods. Ques­tions related to their ethnic struc­ture, homophily and inter­ac­tion with local insti­tu­tions have not been analysed through large samples and survey data. Based on the example of Romanian and Bulgarian Roma living in shan­ty­towns in the Parisian metro­pol­itan area, we analyse the ‘histor­ical’ region of origin (autochthony), networks between indi­vid­uals and house­holds having lived together in a shan­ty­town, as well as some of their atti­tudes, skills, and behav­iour (i.e. expec­ta­tions as to local welfare, French profi­ciency, children’s schooling). We used a data­base of slum-dwellers in Paris collected by social workers (N = 12,019). The paper looks at how autochthonies combine with social­i­sa­tion in shan­ty­towns and with terri­to­rial insti­tu­tional effects of local poli­cies. Evidence shows that while there are limited differ­ences in the socio-profes­sional back­grounds of slum-dwellers, there are several differ­ences in atti­tudes, behav­iour and skills. More­over, social network analysis shows that these differ­ences are only weakly related to the house­holds’ region of origin (autochthony), while they are more corre­lated to emer­gent struc­tural clus­ters of co-habi­ta­tion connec­tions, where indi­vid­uals socialise in acting together to build and manage a shan­ty­town. More­over, local poli­cies at the city level play a role in shaping shan­ty­town dwellers expec­ta­tions and skills for integration.

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