Determinants of political discourses on migration
Contexte & Objectives
Current research in social sciences shows that immigrants contribute to the society of their host country. Yet, immigration is often perceived as a cultural, political and economic threat. While a large literature investigates the determinants of individuals’ attitudes towards
immigration, little attention has been devoted so far to other stakeholders of the public debate on immigration, and to policy-makers in particular. The work-package will fill this gap by studying the determinants of the political discourses on immigration, and how political discourses are related to immigration flows.
Are political discourses driven by long-run trends in immigration or by events such as the 2015 European refugee crisis, the 2018 Aquarius crisis in France or more recently the Ukrainian crisis ? Are political discourses on immigration changing in election periods ?
Our research team will focus on the French context. We will combine methods in economics and political sciences with natural languages processing methods to extract information from French policy makers discourses since the 1970s and evaluate the presence or not of a causal impact of immigration on the political discourses.
Léa Marchal is Maitre de Conférences in Economics at Paris 1 University & CES, and fellow of the Institut Convergences Migrations since July 2020. Her research is related to the consequences of migration for host countries and the regulation of migration.
Claire Naiditch is Maitre de Conférences in Economics at Lille University & LEM, and fellow of the Institut Convergences Migrations since 2021. She studies the determinants of individuals’ decisions to migrate and to remit, as well as migration policies.
Jerg Gutmann is Assistant Professor of Economics at Hamburg University & ILE, and a CESifo Affiliate. He is working on legal institutions and minorities. He will contribute to the project with Betul Simsek who is a research associate at ILE and PHD candidate in Economics working under his supervision. She is interested in migration studies and international law.
Julien Tourille is a computer scientist at the Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives. He works on textual information extraction and he is involved in several projects aimed at using NLP techniques for social sciences.