PUBLI : Martin Aranguren, Francesco Madrisotti et Eser Durmaz-Martins, « Anti-Muslim behavior in everyday interaction : evidence from a field experiment in Paris », Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021, en ligne


No other form of group antag­o­nism affects the fate of so many people in France as anti-Muslim racism. While nega­tive atti­tudes toward Muslims and Muslims’ expe­ri­ence of discrim­i­na­tion are well docu­mented, studies of anti-Muslim behav­iour are rare, espe­cially in the context of everyday inter­per­sonal encoun­ters. To fill this void, we conducted a field exper­i­ment on plat­forms of the Paris metro (n = 270) in which a bearded confed­erate asked for help to randomly selected passen­gers giving addi­tional indi­rect cues of being Muslim in the exper­i­mental condi­tion. The outcomes under inves­ti­ga­tion were the prob­a­bility of helping the confed­erate and various behav­iours indica­tive of inter­per­sonal warmth or involve­ment. Inter­ac­tions were video­taped, the outcomes objec­tively measured, and the data analysed using Gener­al­ized Linear Models esti­mated with Bayesian infer­ence. Passen­gers were found to offer help less often and to show lower inter­per­sonal warmth in the exper­i­mental condi­tion. Also, when consid­ered in isola­tion the young turn out to discrim­i­nate but not the middle-aged. Given that these nega­tive effects were observed despite the use of a minimal stim­ulus, the results prob­ably under­es­ti­mate the actual level of anti-Muslim discrim­i­na­tion that Muslim men face in their everyday deal­ings with non Muslims.

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